Author Archives: iainthegreat

About iainthegreat

I am half way between A and B personality. I shot guns, went camping, play consoles. For meeting people and entertainment,

Microsoft blames ps4 for no UHD bluray

A little bit of clarity can go a long way. A few weeks ago at the reveal of the PS4 Pro, in a staff roundtable I questioned whether Sony’s new console would hurt Microsoft’s chances with the more powerful Scorpio. I also gave Sony an edge because of its HDR rollout to all PS4s. As it turns out, the HDR update is practically useless (no games supported yet and no video streaming) and the PS4 Pro itself will see most games upscaled, according to Sony Interactive boss Andrew House.

While PS4 architect Mark Cerny did make it clear during the conference that the Pro does not render games in true 4K resolution, many fans had no doubt assumed it would and likely glossed over his technical explanation of the Pro’s “streamlined rendering techniques” and “temporal and spatial anti-aliasing.” It’s hard to say how much consumers will care when the Pro goes on sale in November, but Microsoft wasted no time in puffing up its chest to declare its superiority with a console that won’t ship for many, many months.

Microsoft Studios Publishing general manager Shannon Loftis told USA Today, “Any games we’re making that we’re launching in the Scorpio time frame, we’re making sure they can natively render at 4K.” Moreover, Albert Penello, senior director of product management and planning at Xbox, hammered home the point with our sister site Eurogamer, commenting, “I think there are a lot of caveats they’re giving customers right now around 4K. They’re talking about checkerboard rendering and up-scaling and things like that. There are just a lot of asterisks in their marketing around 4K, which is interesting because when we thought about what spec we wanted for Scorpio, we were very clear we wanted developers to take their Xbox One engines and render them in native, true 4K. That was why we picked the number, that’s why we have the memory bandwidth we have, that’s why we have the teraflops we have, because it’s what we heard from game developers was required to achieve native 4K.”

That’s a punch to the gut in true console war fashion, and one that Microsoft is no doubt happy to get in during a console cycle which has seen PS4 dominate. It may not seem like a big deal right now, as 4K TV sales are still relatively minor, but the prices are falling and interest in 4K and HDR is picking up, not only with consumers, but also with game developers and content providers for streaming services like Netflix. This could be a decent holiday for the 4K TV market, and by the time Scorpio actually does launch there will be that many more 4K TV owners to target with the only console that renders 4K natively. That’s a nice feather in Microsoft’s cap.

This week we also featured an interesting writeup on VR and AR from DICE Europe. While VR proponents like Unity’s Clive Downie said there will be over a billion people using VR in the next 10 years, others such as Niantic’s John Hanke and Apple boss Tim Cook cast doubt on the long-term appeal and commerical success of VR. Of course, this isn’t the first time that people have wondered whether VR will ever move beyond a niche category – and indeed, our Rob Fahey talks about the over-investment in the space in his column today – but the idea that VR is merely an intermediary step before AR comes into its own is the wrong way to think about these technologies in my view.

Just because they both offer altered realities and utilize headsets does not mean they should be lumped together. The use cases and experiences are vastly different for VR and AR, and while I agree that AR likely is the better bet from a commercial standpoint, I don’t underestimate VR for one second. I’ve had way too many fun game sessions using the tech already, and it’s early days. Beyond that, serious movie makers are starting to leverage the great potential of the medium. Jon Favreau (Iron Man, The Jungle Book), for example, is working on a VR film called Gnomes and Goblins and he’s even brought on veteran game designer Doug Curch (System Shock, Thief) to fine tune the VR interactions.

The fact is VR has enormous storytelling potential and can immerse its users in ways that we’ve never experienced before. “As I work in film, so much has been done,” Favreau commented. “There are technological breakthroughs but there is less and less up in the air.  You’re really writing a song in the same format that has been going on for at least a hundred years. And what’s interesting about VR is that, although I really don’t know where it’s going or if it’s going to catch on in a significant way culturally, I do know that there is a lot of unexplored territory and a lot of fun things as a storyteller for me to experiment with. It’s exciting to have so much fresh snow that nobody has walked through yet. There’s been no medium that I’ve felt that way since I’ve come into the business, where it feels like you can really be a pioneer.”

AR will be tremendously exciting in its own right, and I can’t wait for Magic Leap, HoloLens and castAR, but to think that VR will be cast aside to make way for AR’s ascendancy is totally off base.

Top 147 Power Ranger episodes

1                    Power Rangers in Space: Countdown to Destruction: Part 2                8.6        1998
2                    Power Rangers Wild Force: Forever Red                9        2002
3                    Power Rangers Time Force: The End of Time: Part 3                9.1        2001
4                    Power Rangers in Space: Countdown to Destruction: Part 1                8.7        1998
5                    Power Rangers Time Force: The End of Time: Part 1                8.1        2001
6                    Power Rangers Time Force: The End of Time: Part 2                9.1        2001
7                    Power Rangers Time Force: Beware the Knight                6.2        2001
8                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Day of the Dumpster                7.3        1993
9                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Green with Evil: Part I                8.1        1993
10                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Green with Evil: Part V                8.2        1993
11                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Green with Evil: Part II                8        1993
12                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Green with Evil: Part III                8        1993
13                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Green with Evil: Part IV                8.1        1993
14                    Power Rangers Turbo: Chase Into Space: Part 2                7.5        1997
15                    Power Rangers Turbo: Chase Into Space: Part 1                7.5        1997
16                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: Reflection: Part 2                7.6        2005
17                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: To the Tenth Power                8.4        1999
18                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: Quasar Quest: Part 2                8.1        1999
19                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: Heir to the Throne                8.2        1999
20                    Power Rangers Zeo: Mondo’s Last Stand                7.5        1996
21                    Power Rangers Zeo: Good as Gold                7.4        1996
22                    Power Rangers Zeo: The Power of Gold                7.3        1996
23                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: The Lights of Orion                8.3        1999
24                    Power Rangers Time Force: Force from the Future: Part 2                8.5        2001
25                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: Journey’s End: Part 1                8.2        1999
26                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: Journey’s End: Part 3                8.2        1999
27                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: Journey’s End: Part 2                8.4        1999
28                    Power Rangers Zeo: A Golden Homecoming                7.5        1996
29                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Fighting Spirit                8.6        2004
30                    Power Rangers in Space: The Great Evilyzer                7.3        1998
31                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: The Magna Defender                8.4        1999
32                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Danger and Destiny: Part 2                7.8        2009
33                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Three’s a Crowd                8        2009
34                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Blitz                7.7        2009
35                    Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue: Trakeena’s Revenge: Part 2                8        2000
36                    Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue: Trakeena’s Revenge: Part 1                7.9        2000
37                    Power Rangers Time Force: The Time Shadow                5.9        2001
38                    Power Rangers Wild Force: The End of the Power Rangers: Part 2                8.2        2002
39                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: The Passion of Conner                6.5        2004
40                    Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue: The Fate of Lightspeed: Part 2                8.6        2000
41                    Power Rangers Time Force: Quantum Secrets                7.7        2001
42                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: A-Bridged                7.1        2005
43                    Power Rangers Jungle Fury: Now the Final Fury                8.1        2008
44                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Doomsday: Part 1                7.5        1993
45                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Doomsday: Part 2                7.5        1993
46                    Power Rangers Time Force: Worlds Apart                7.1        2001
47                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Return of an Old Friend: Part 2                7.8        1993
48                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Return of an Old Friend: Part 1                7.9        1993
49                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: Missing                7.6        2005
50                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: Mystic Fate: Part 2                8.5        2006
51                    Power Rangers Wild Force: The Wings of Animaria                8.6        2002
52                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Ranger Red                8        2009
53                    Power Rangers Samurai: Samurai Forever                8.5        2011
54                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: Dark Wish: Part 3                7.4        2006
55                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: Dark Wish: Part 2                7.6        2006
56                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Thunder Struck: Part 2                8        2004
57                    Power Rangers Time Force: Short-Circuited                6.3        2001
58                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: White Thunder: Part 1                7.6        2004
59                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: White Thunder: Part 3                7.7        2004
60                    Power Rangers Wild Force: The Master’s Last Stand                9.4        2002
61                    Power Rangers Wild Force: Reinforcements from the Future: Part 2                8.6        2002
62                    Power Rangers Wild Force: Reinforcements from the Future: Part 1                8.6        2002
63                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: Wormhole                8.2        2005
64                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Thunder Storm: Part 1                8.2        2004
65                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Thunder Storm: Part 2                8        2004
66                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Day of the Dino: Part 1                7.1        2004
67                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Day of the Dino: Part II                7.6        2004
68                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Back in Black                7.3        2004
69                    Power Rangers Wild Force: The Lone Wolf                7.7        2002
70                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Happy Birthday, Zack                7.4        1993
71                    Power Rangers Operation Overdrive: Once a Ranger: Part 2                8.2        2007
72                    Power Rangers Operation Overdrive: Once a Ranger: Part 1                8        2007
73                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: White Light: Part 2                7.8        1993
74                    Power Rangers in Space: From Out of Nowhere: Part 2                8.3        1998
75                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Heroes Among Us                8.1        2009
76                    Power Rangers Wild Force: The Ancient Warrior                8.4        2002
77                    Power Rangers Wild Force: Sealing the Nexus                8.9        2002
78                    Power Rangers Wild Force: Unfinished Business                8.3        2002
79                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Power Transfer: Part 2                6.1        1993
80                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Power Transfer: Part 1                6.9        1993
81                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Birds of a Feather                7.1        1993
82                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Clean-Up Club                7.2        1993
83                    Power Rangers Zeo: A Zeo Beginning: Part 1                7.4        1996
84                    Power Rangers Zeo: A Zeo Beginning: Part 2                7.3        1996
85                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: Shadow: Part 2                7.7        2005
86                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: S.W.A.T.: Part 2                8.3        2005
87                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Mutiny: Part 3                7.6        1993
88                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Mutiny: Part 1                7.6        1993
89                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Mutiny: Part 2                7.5        1993
90                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: A Friend in Need: Part 1                6.6        1993
91                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: A Friend in Need: Part 2                6.5        1993
92                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: A Friend in Need: Part 3                6.4        1993
93                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: A Pressing Engagement                6.6        1993
94                    Power Rangers in Space: The Rangers’ Mega Voyage                7.6        1998
95                    Power Rangers in Space: Five of a Kind                8.5        1998
96                    Power Rangers in Space: The Enemy Within                7.9        1998
97                    Power Rangers Megaforce: Mega Mission                8        2013
98                    Power Rangers Megaforce: Ultra Power                6.6        2013
99                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: The Road to Corinth                8.4        2009
100                    Power Rangers Megaforce: End Game                7.5        2013
101                    Power Rangers Megaforce: The Human Condition                7.3        2013
102                    Power Rangers Zeo: Graduation Blues                7.3        1996
103                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: Redemption Day                8.2        1999
104                    Power Rangers Samurai: Evil Reborn                7.4        2011
105                    Power Rangers Samurai: The Sealing Symbol                8        2011
106                    Power Rangers Time Force: Trip Takes a Stand                7.8        2001
107                    Power Rangers Time Force: Destiny Defeated                8.3        2001
108                    Power Rangers Time Force: The Quantum Quest                7.8        2001
109                    Power Rangers Lost Galaxy: The Rescue Mission                5        1999
110                    Power Rangers Turbo: Clash of the Megazords                7.2        1997
111                    Power Rangers S.P.D.: Recognition                6.9        2005
112                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: Legacy of Power                8.1        2004
113                    Power Rangers DinoThunder: A Test of Trust                6.7        2004
114                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: And… Action                7.5        2009
115                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: The Hunter                6.6        2006
116                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: The Return                6.8        2006
117                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: Heir Apparent: Part 2                7.2        2006
118                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: Koragg’s Trial                6.2        2006
119                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: Ranger Down                7.8        2006
120                    Power Rangers Mystic Force: The Light                7.1        2006
121                    Power Rangers Turbo: Passing the Torch: Part 2                7.4        1997
122                    Power Rangers Turbo: Trouble by the Slice                7.1        1997
123                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Fade to Black                8.2        2009
124                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Rain                8        2009
125                    Power Rangers Operation Overdrive: Things Not Said                7.1        2007
126                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Song of Guitardo                8.3        1993
127                    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: Gung Ho!                7.6        1993
128                    Power Rangers Megaforce: The Messenger                6.8        2013
129                    Power Rangers Time Force: A Calm Before the Storm                7.8        2001
130                    Power Rangers Time Force: The Legend of the Clock Tower                7.4        2001
131                    Power Rangers Megaforce: Super Megaforce                7.9        2013
132                    Power Rangers Time Force: Something to Fight For                7.6        2001
133                    Power Rangers Megaforce: Silver Lining, Part 2                8.4        2013
134                    Power Rangers Megaforce: Silver Lining, Part 1                8        2013
135                    Power Rangers Megaforce: The Perfect Storm                7.2        2013
136                    Power Rangers Megaforce: All Hail Prince Vekar                7.5        2013
137                    Power Rangers Turbo: The Wheel of Fate                7.8        1997
138                    Power Rangers Megaforce: Legendary Battle                7.7        2013
139                    Power Rangers in Space: Flashes of Darkonda                8.7        1998
140                    Power Rangers in Space: TJ’s Identity Crisis                8.7        1998
141                    Power Rangers in Space: Red with Envy                8.4        1998
142                    Power Rangers in Space: The Impenetrable Web                8.2        1998
143                    Power Rangers in Space: Satellite Search                6.5        1998
144                    Power Rangers Turbo: Transmission Impossible                7        1997
145                    Power Rangers R.P.M.: Control-Alt-Delete                8.4        2009
146                    Power Rangers Jungle Fury: Path of the Righteous                7.9        2008
147                    Power Rangers in Space: Zhane’s Destiny                8.1        1998

Top 250 movies

1. The Shawshank Redemption (1994) 9.2
2. The Godfather (1972) 9.2
3. The Godfather: Part II (1974) 9.0
4. The Dark Knight (2008) 8.9
5. 12 Angry Men (1957) 8.9
6. Schindler’s List (1993) 8.9
7. Pulp Fiction (1994) 8.9
8. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) 8.9
9. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) 8.9
10. Fight Club (1999) 8.8
11. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) 8.8
12. Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back (1980) 8.7
13. Forrest Gump (1994) 8.7
14. Inception (2010) 8.7
15. The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) 8.7
16. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1975) 8.7
17. Goodfellas (1990) 8.7
18. The Matrix (1999) 8.7
19. Seven Samurai (1954) 8.6
20. Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope (1977) 8.6
21. City of God (2002) 8.6
22. Se7en (1995) 8.6
23. The Silence of the Lambs (1991) 8.6
24. It’s a Wonderful Life (1946) 8.6
25. The Usual Suspects (1995) 8.6
26. Life Is Beautiful (1997) 8.6
27. Léon: The Professional (1994) 8.5
28. Spirited Away (2001) 8.5
29. Once Upon a Time in the West (1968) 8.5
30. Saving Private Ryan (1998) 8.5
31. American History X (1998) 8.5
32. Casablanca (1942) 8.5
33. Interstellar (2014) 8.5
34. Psycho (1960) 8.5
35. City Lights (1931) 8.5
36. Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) 8.5
37. Modern Times (1936) 8.5
38. The Green Mile (1999) 8.5
39. The Intouchables (2011) 8.5
40. Rear Window (1954) 8.5
41. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) 8.5
42. The Pianist (2002) 8.5
43. The Departed (2006) 8.5
44. Back to the Future (1985) 8.5
45. Whiplash (2014) 8.5
46. Gladiator (2000) 8.5
47. Memento (2000) 8.5
48. Apocalypse Now (1979) 8.5
49. The Prestige (2006) 8.5
50. The Lion King (1994) 8.4
51. Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964) 8.4
52. Sunset Boulevard (1950) 8.4
53. Alien (1979) 8.4
54. The Great Dictator (1940) 8.4
55. The Lives of Others (2006) 8.4
56. Cinema Paradiso (1988) 8.4
57. Paths of Glory (1957) 8.4
58. Django Unchained (2012) 8.4
59. The Shining (1980) 8.4
60. Grave of the Fireflies (1988) 8.4
61. WALL·E (2008) 8.4
62. The Dark Knight Rises (2012) 8.4
63. American Beauty (1999) 8.4
64. Princess Mononoke (1997) 8.4
65. Aliens (1986) 8.4
66. Oldboy (2003) 8.4
67. Citizen Kane (1941) 8.4
68. Once Upon a Time in America (1984) 8.4
69. Das Boot (1981) 8.3
70. North by Northwest (1959) 8.3
71. Witness for the Prosecution (1957) 8.3
72. Vertigo (1958) 8.3
73. Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi (1983) 8.3
74. M (1931) 8.3
75. Reservoir Dogs (1992) 8.3
76. Braveheart (1995) 8.3
77. Amélie (2001) 8.3
78. Requiem for a Dream (2000) 8.3
79. A Clockwork Orange (1971) 8.3
80. Taxi Driver (1976) 8.3
81. Double Indemnity (1944) 8.3
82. Lawrence of Arabia (1962) 8.3
83. Toy Story 3 (2010) 8.3
84. To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) 8.3
85. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) 8.3
86. Amadeus (1984) 8.3
87. Full Metal Jacket (1987) 8.3
88. The Sting (1973) 8.3
89. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 8.3
90. Bicycle Thieves (1948) 8.3
91. Toy Story (1995) 8.3
92. Singin’ in the Rain (1952) 8.3
93. Snatch (2000) 8.3
94. Inglourious Basterds (2009) 8.3
95. The Kid (1921) 8.3
96. Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975) 8.3
97. L.A. Confidential (1997) 8.3
98. For a Few Dollars More (1965) 8.3
99. Rashomon (1950) 8.3
100. The Apartment (1960) 8.3
101. Scarface (1983) 8.3
102. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) 8.3
103. 3 Idiots (2009) 8.3
104. A Separation (2011) 8.2
105. Metropolis (1927) 8.2
106. The Hunt (2012) 8.2
107. Yojimbo (1961) 8.2
108. All About Eve (1950) 8.2
109. Good Will Hunting (1997) 8.2
110. Batman Begins (2005) 8.2
111. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) 8.2
112. Some Like It Hot (1959) 8.2
113. Up (2009) 8.2
114. Unforgiven (1992) 8.2
115. The Third Man (1949) 8.2
116. Children of Heaven (1997) 8.2
117. Downfall (2004) 8.2
118. Raging Bull (1980) 8.2
119. Die Hard (1988) 8.2
120. Inside Out (2015) 8.2
121. The Great Escape (1963) 8.2
122. Chinatown (1974) 8.2
123. Heat (1995) 8.2
124. Pan’s Labyrinth (2006) 8.2
125. Room (2015) 8.2
126. On the Waterfront (1954) 8.2
127. My Neighbor Totoro (1988) 8.2
128. Ikiru (1952) 8.2
129. Ran (1985) 8.2
130. The Gold Rush (1925) 8.2
131. The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928) 8.2
132. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) 8.2
133. The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) 8.2
134. The Secret in Their Eyes (2009) 8.2
135. Blade Runner (1982) 8.2
136. The Seventh Seal (1957) 8.2
137. Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels (1998) 8.2
138. Howl’s Moving Castle (2004) 8.2
139. Casino (1995) 8.2
140. Sunrise (1927) 8.2
141. Wild Strawberries (1957) 8.2
142. The General (1926) 8.2
143. Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) 8.2
144. The Elephant Man (1980) 8.2
145. A Beautiful Mind (2001) 8.2
146. Warrior (2011) 8.2
147. The Wolf of Wall Street (2013) 8.2
148. V for Vendetta (2005) 8.1
149. Incendies (2010) 8.1
150. Tokyo Story (1953) 8.1
151. Gran Torino (2008) 8.1
152. Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) 8.1
153. The Big Lebowski (1998) 8.1
154. The Deer Hunter (1978) 8.1
155. Dial M for Murder (1954) 8.1
156. Trainspotting (1996) 8.1
157. Gone with the Wind (1939) 8.1
158. Fargo (1996) 8.1
159. Rebecca (1940) 8.1
160. Cool Hand Luke (1967) 8.1
161. Finding Nemo (2003) 8.1
162. How to Train Your Dragon (2010) 8.1
163. The Sixth Sense (1999) 8.1
164. The Thing (1982) 8.1
165. No Country for Old Men (2007) 8.1
166. The Message (1976) 8.1
167. Into the Wild (2007) 8.1
168. Come and See (1985) 8.1
169. Mary and Max (2009) 8.1
170. Gone Girl (2014) 8.1
171. Kill Bill: Vol. 1 (2003) 8.1
172. It Happened One Night (1934) 8.1
173. There Will Be Blood (2007) 8.1
174. Life of Brian (1979) 8.1
175. Rush (2013) 8.1
176. Nights of Cabiria (1957) 8.1
177. Hotel Rwanda (2004) 8.1
178. Platoon (1986) 8.1
179. The Wages of Fear (1953) 8.1
180. Network (1976) 8.1
181. The Maltese Falcon (1941) 8.1
182. Spotlight (2015) 8.1
183. Shutter Island (2010) 8.1
184. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) 8.1
185. Mad Max: Fury Road (2015) 8.1
186. Stand by Me (1986) 8.1
187. In the Name of the Father (1993) 8.1
188. The 400 Blows (1959) 8.1
189. Persona (1966) 8.1
190. 12 Years a Slave (2013) 8.1
191. The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014) 8.1
192. Wild Tales (2014) 8.1
193. Ben-Hur (1959) 8.1
194. Amores Perros (2000) 8.1
195. Million Dollar Baby (2004) 8.1
196. Zootopia (2016) 8.1
197. The Princess Bride (1987) 8.1
198. Jurassic Park (1993) 8.1
199. Hachi: A Dog’s Tale (2009) 8.1
200. Touch of Evil (1958) 8.1
201. Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984) 8.1
202. The Grapes of Wrath (1940) 8.1
203. Stalker (1979) 8.0
204. Annie Hall (1977) 8.0
205. Memories of Murder (2003) 8.0
206. Before Sunrise (1995) 8.0
207. The Truman Show (1998) 8.0
208. The Bourne Ultimatum (2007) 8.0
209. Gandhi (1982) 8.0
210. Diabolique (1955) 8.0
211. Rocky (1976) 8.0
212. Donnie Darko (2001) 8.0
213. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (2011) 8.0
214. (1963) 8.0
215. Monsters, Inc. (2001) 8.0
216. The Wizard of Oz (1939) 8.0
217. The Terminator (1984) 8.0
218. Twelve Monkeys (1995) 8.0
219. Groundhog Day (1993) 8.0
220. The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) 8.0
221. Infernal Affairs (2002) 8.0
222. Jaws (1975) 8.0
223. Deadpool (2016) 8.0
224. Strangers on a Train (1951) 8.0
225. Prisoners (2013) 8.0
226. La Haine (1995) 8.0
227. Barry Lyndon (1975) 8.0
228. Sin City (2005) 8.0
229. The Revenant (2015) 8.0
230. Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949) 8.0
231. Catch Me If You Can (2002) 8.0
232. The Battle of Algiers (1966) 8.0
233. Dog Day Afternoon (1975) 8.0
234. Captain America: Civil War (2016) 8.0
235. Ip Man (2008) 8.0
236. The Martian (2015) 8.0
237. Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003) 8.0
238. The Help (2011) 8.0
239. The Imitation Game (2014) 8.0
240. Gangs of Wasseypur (2012) 8.0
241. Fanny and Alexander (1982) 8.0
242. Castle in the Sky (1986) 8.0
243. A Fistful of Dollars (1964) 8.0
244. Roman Holiday (1953) 8.0
245. Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) 8.0
246. The King’s Speech (2010) 8.0
247. The Avengers (2012) 8.0
248. Throne of Blood (1957) 8.0
249. Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India (2001) 8.0
250. Beauty and the Beast (1991) 8.0


PS4 Pro: Boom or Bust

What does the fragmentation of the console business mean for developers?

Sony’s latest console, the PS4 Pro, is the firm’s first 4K console, and it obliterates the traditional console life-cycle – a big move as the market moves away from that familiar structure.

The new console is a turbo-charged version of the PS4, which means it plays all existing titles while giving graphical boosts to both old and new games and outputting at 4K.

Look past the hype, and the PS4 Pro looks like a mixed bag – there are opportunities, but vast complications. We examine the implications for developers, and wonder whether the PS4 Pro can continue Sony’s console dominance.

The PS4 Pro Explained

The new console enhances the existing AMD Jaguar CPU, but the biggest change is to the the AMD Radeon GPU. That chip now wields 4.2 TFLOPs of power – a huge boost over the 1.84 TFLOPs of the original.

The revised GPU uses the Polaris architecture, and is based on the desktop RX 480. That card is a great GPU, but it’s not capable of handling intense, triple-A games at 4K – and that’s true even with the PS4 Pro’s custom tweaks.

The architectural limits of the GPU makes the PS4 Pro’s status as a 4K console a little tricky.

Games will output at 3,840 x 2,160, but most won’t run natively – games will be rendered at lesser resolutions, then upscaled. Sony includes an in-built “checkerboard” upscaling method that works well, but there’s no guarantee that developers will use this – and so no guarantee of a standardised, effective upscaling technique on the new console. Some games will look barely different from native 4K, but some might look barely different to 1080p.

The PS4 Pro doesn’t just offer a resolution boost. The Pro will run games at smoother, higher framerates, and developers can deploy additional graphical affects – sharper textures, more objects, dense particle effects and improved lighting all feature.

The extra horsepower means Sony can use HDR, too. High Dynamic Range technology serves up a wider range of colours and higher contrast ratios, which means more vivid, detailed games. It makes a huge impact, but this feature also comes with its own issues: you’ll need a compatible TV to run those games.

The PS4 Pro doesn’t just make new games better – existing games will be improved with patches, although Sony has confirmed that third-party developers may charge for these updates.

There’s yet another thing to bear in mind: whether a game is displayed on a 1080p or a 4K screen. Sony says every PS4 game will play at 1080p on the Pro, but it’s also confirmed that games will offer different enhancements depending on their output resolution – an inevitable result when loftier resolutions make more demands on GPU hardware and when only certain TVs support 4K and HDR.

The Last of Us Remastered, for instance, is a rare title that runs at native 4K on the PS4 Pro – but only at 30fps. To get 60fps, the resolution has to be dropped. The Witness renders at around 1440p and upscales to 4K to maintain a 60fps frame-rate, but running at 1080p sees improvements to anti-aliasing too, and Middle Earth: Shadow of Mordor provides super-sampled anti-aliasing at 1080p.

Sony also showed off Spider-Man, For Honor and Deus Ex: Mankind Divided at its launch event, but didn’t confirm that the games were running at native 4K – just outputting to a 4K display.

The PS4 Pro doesn’t have a 4K Blu-ray drive because Sony reckons people stream more these days, and it’s not going to have any exclusive games – the latter is certainly a smart move. The Pro will cost £349 for a 1TB model.

What About the Rest?

The PS4 Pro isn’t the only Sony console that’s getting an upgrade. The PS4 and PS4 Slim will both receive firmware updates that enable HDR support, which will provide a significant visual boost without taxing the lesser hardware in those older systems.

However, HDR on the vanilla PS4 won’t be a dramatic leap forward like it is on the PS4 Pro, largely because the older consoles output at lower resolutions – so there just aren’t as many pixels to show off HDR’s improvements.

Microsoft’s Project Scorpio will arrive later and with a higher price than the PS4 Pro, but it justifies the added cost with 6 TFLOPs of GPU power and support for 4K Blu-ray. That makes the Scorpio better for media, and it also means that Microsoft’s console will have a better chance at running games at native 4K. Existing Xbox One games will have performance improvements, too.

Then there’s the Xbox One S. Released in August, this console supports 4K Blu-Ray and HDR in games, and games can also be upscaled to 4K.

Development in the PS4 Pro Era

The PS4 Pro offers ample opportunity to developers. The extra graphics horsepower means games can run at higher resolutions, and developers will be able to deploy more visual detail and depth than on any console before.

It’s not certain if many games will run at native 4K, but it is certain that the PS4 Pro will provide a gigantic leap forward.

The burgeoning PC game scene could lend a hand, too. Many of the graphics improvements available will already be familiar to PC gamers, and studios that already work on comprehensive PC ports will surely find it easier to transition to the PS4 Pro.

There’s opportunity here, but the PS4 Pro is a big gamble for Sony – and for developers – because the new hardware represents a break from the traditional console life cycle.

We’re used to consoles being replaced by smaller, cheaper versions, but this is a rare occasion when a console has been joined by a beefier version in the middle of its lifespan.

Developers usually become familiar with a console over its lifespan, optimising code to produce progressively better games, but that’s not the case here.

We’re half-way through a generation, but developers will now need to become familiar with a new machine, learning its foibles to get the most out of the new hardware. To do that while still developing for the PS4 is a tall order – and to do that while maintaining quality across the two different systems could prove insurmountable.

“It won’t help anyone if a game is lazily upgraded to the PS4 Pro, but it’s conceivable given the extra workload. There’s also the issue of resources: the added concentration on graphics could see other development areas suffer”

Development decisions for PS4 Pro games could make it harder to scale back to the regular PS4: it’s easy if a title’s Pro incarnation involves a higher resolution and a better framerate, but it’s harder if the Pro title is littered with improvements that the base console can’t handle.

And what about games already being developed for PS4? It won’t help anyone if a game is lazily upgraded to the PS4 Pro, but it’s conceivable given the extra workload. There’s also the issue of resources: the added concentration on graphics could see other development areas suffer, with the meat of the game falling behind in order to give the title a little extra pizazz.

The best case scenario is that large studios will have known about the PS4 Pro for a while, and will have had time to prepare – but, even then, the new console’s challenges are numerous.

Consumers, Marketing and the new Console Landscape

The PS4 Pro doesn’t just make life more complex for developers – it could hinder consumers and marketing departments, too.

The Pro’s visual improvements could be difficult to sell given the methods used to consume gaming news and reviews. Twitch streams and YouTube videos don’t have the fidelity to show off subtle graphical improvements let alone the transition to 4K, and it’s going to be near-impossible on smartphones, too.

Desktop PCs and laptops are better, but it’s still going to be challenging, especially with video – you’ll need a great web connection to run a 4K trailer or comparison video.

At best, these formats will only show off some improvements that PS4 Pro can offer – and that’s no way to convince customers to shell out.

The two-tier Playstation landscape means that many consumers will inevitably be left behind as early adopters upgrade to the PS4 Pro.

There are pitfalls if the PS4 Pro sells in big numbers – and obvious issues if it doesn’t. A successful launch could see poorer games released for the vanilla PS4 as developers put more resource towards their Pro versions, which is no good for Sony’s original console and for the goodwill of its gamers.

Conversely, a weak Pro launch means there’s little incentive for developers to spend time and money upgrading games – or even releasing Pro versions at all. It’s a chicken-and-egg scenario: customers won’t buy without a hefty slate of Pro-enabled games, but a poor customer base means those games just won’t appear.

“No matter how the launch goes, it leads to a fragmented market – and that’s already a thorny issue on other gaming platforms”

No matter how the launch goes, it leads to a fragmented market – and that’s already a thorny issue on other gaming platforms like PC and Android.

There’s no question that the PS4 Pro will make games look far better – but there are dozens of questions around every aspect of Sony’s new console.

The PS4 Pro isn’t a pure 4K machine, no matter what the hype says. The number of native 4K games will almost certainly be dwarfed by titles that only run at 4,096 x 2,160 because of upscaling.

HDR will offer a huge leap forward, but there’s so much confusion elsewhere. The different enhancements for 1080p and 4K will need to be explained clearly, and there’s been little clarification about updates coming to existing games.

Then there’s the small matter of 4K TVs: if you don’t have one already, you’ll need one to make the most of the PS4 Pro, and they’re not exactly cheap.

Sony’s new console sees the firm staying at the forefront of gaming technology, and that’s no bad thing. We’ve no doubt that higher resolutions, better framerates, improved graphics and proper HDR will make games look vastly better, and delivering a 4K experience – or a near-4K experience – for £349 is an impressive achievement. But…to get to this point, Sony has made everything more complicated. Development will be harder and more expensive, consumers will be confused, and the PS4 Pro will be a tough sell. The Pro changes the console game, but I’m not sure if the world is ready.

Top 100 movies

1. 99% The Wizard of Oz (1939)
2. 100% The Third Man (1949)
3. 100% Citizen Kane (1941)
4. 100% All About Eve (1950)
5. 100% Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari. (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari) (1920)
6. 99% The Godfather (1972)
7. 100% Modern Times (1936)
8. 98% Inside Out (2015)
9. 99% Metropolis (1927)
10. 98% E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
11. 98% It Happened One Night (1934)
12. 100% Singin’ in the Rain (1952)
13. 98% A Hard Day’s Night (1964)
14. 98% Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
15. 100% Laura (1944)
16. 98% Boyhood (2014)
17. 100% North by Northwest (1959)
18. 100% Repulsion (1965)
19. 98% King Kong (1933)
20. 100% The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
21. 100% Rear Window (1954)
22. 100% The Maltese Falcon (1941)
23. 100% Rashômon (1951)
24. 99% La Battaglia di Algeri (The Battle of Algiers) (1967)
25. 100% Toy Story 2 (1999)
26. 99% Toy Story 3 (2010)
27. 98% Sunset Boulevard (1950)
28. 100% The Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
29. 100% The Philadelphia Story (1940)
30. 99% Selma (2015)
31. 100% M (1931)
32. 98% The Bicycle Thief (1949)
33. 100% The 400 Blows (Les Quatre cents coups) (1959)
34. 98% Up (2009)
35. 100% Seven Samurai (Shichinin no Samurai) (1956)
36. 100% The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948)
37. 99% Taxi Driver (1976)
38. 100% 12 Angry Men (Twelve Angry Men) (1957)
39. 99% Dr. Strangelove Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
40. 98% Zootopia (2016)
41. 98% A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)
42. 100% Rebecca (1940)
43. 100% The Conformist (1970)
44. 98% The Night of the Hunter (1955)
45. 99% Rosemary’s Baby (1968)
46. 99% Finding Nemo (2003)
47. 100% Frankenstein (1931)
48. 98% The Wrestler (2008)
49. 99% L.A. Confidential (1997)
50. 98% The 39 Steps (1935)
51. 98% The Hurt Locker (2009)
52. 100% Tokyo Story (Tôkyô monogatari) (1953)
53. 100% The Grapes of Wrath (1940)
54. 100% The Last Picture Show (1971)
55. 100% The Wages of Fear (1953)
56. 100% Pinocchio (1940)
57. 98% Roman Holiday (1953)
58. 98% On the Waterfront (1954)
59. 100% Man on Wire (2008)
60. 100% Toy Story (1995)
61. 100% Anatomy of a Murder (1959)
62. 98% Annie Hall (1977)
63. 100% The Leopard (1963)
64. 100% Cool Hand Luke (1967)
65. 98% Chinatown (1974)
66. 100% Battleship Potemkin (1925)
67. 98% The Babadook (2014)
68. 98% Mr. Turner (2014)
69. 100% The Searchers (1956)
70. 98% Before Midnight (2013)
71. 100% The Gold Rush (1925)
72. 100% The Terminator (1984)
73. 98% Sweet Smell of Success (1957)
74. 99% Short Term 12 (2013)
75. 100% Mary Poppins (1964)
76. 98% Let the Right One In (2008)
77. 98% The Wild Bunch (1969)
78. 98% Hell or High Water (2016)
79. 99% Shaun the Sheep Movie (2015)
80. 98% The French Connection (1971)
81. 98% Mud (2013)
82. 98% City Lights (1931)
83. 100% Playtime (1973)
84. 98% Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)
85. 98% The Discreet Charm Of The Bourgeoisie (Le Charme Discret de la Bourgeoisie) (1972)
86. 98% Love & Friendship (2016)
87. 98% How to Train Your Dragon (2010)
88. 98% Aliens (1986)
89. 98% Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)
90. 99% Leviathan (2014)
91. 99% Hunt for the Wilderpeople (2016)
92. 98% Badlands (1974)
93. 99% Gloria (2014)
94. 98% The Manchurian Candidate (1962)
95. 98% Aguirre, the Wrath of God (Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes) (1972)
96. 98% Mean Streets (1973)
97. 98% Eyes Without a Face (1962)
98. 98% 8 1/2 (1963)
99. 99% A Separation (2011)
100. 98% The Conversation (1974)

PS4 Pro: “This could be the final nail in the coffin for Xbox One

Sony’s two new hardware announcements didn’t come as a surprise to anyone, but the launch date and price of the PS4 Pro did feel like an aggressive move by the company, if you ask analysts. “The pricing gives Sony a big advantage. PS4 Slim is competitive with Xbox One S, but PS4 Pro is a bargain [at $399]. For the same price as the 2TB Xbox One S, you get 1TB and future proof for 4K. I think this sells very well at holiday, and was surprised it was coming out this year,” Wedbush Securities’ Michael Pachter

DFC Intelligence’s David Cole agreed, commenting, “The only big issue was when Pro would launch and they have a firm date this year and a solid price. Really this could be a final nail in the coffin for Xbox One now that Microsoft has told consumers to wait until 2017 [for Scorpio]. Sony will have the powerful system with VR now and a well-executed plan that leaves consumers no reason to wait. It is just an all-around compelling proposition.”

SuperData’s Joost van Dreunen added, “The relatively low price point for all available devices and the publisher support promises to supercharge the holiday season.”

IDC games research director Lewis Ward acknowledged that the PS4 Pro launch date and price is “a shot across the bow,” but he also told us, “I don’t think there’s much of an impact on Scorpio at this point.”

“The main course in the Pro upgrade is the roughly 2.2x boost in GPU power. That’s enough to drive one hell of a sexy picture. Unfortunately, both 4K TVs and HDR TVs, let alone sets that do both, are barely off the drawing board. So while Sony has staked out new territory as far as home consoles go on the rendering front, I question whether the Pro will be a big seller this holiday season since there doesn’t appear to be a large installed base of 4K/HDR TVs out there to take advantage of the sexy (AMD) silicon,” Ward continued.

“This is more about getting out there early and future-proofing the PS4 as gamers and videophiles eventually shell out for high-end TVs over the next several years. Having said that, the fact that Pro has a 1TB HDD may be more of a near-term selling point for those who like to download lots of content. For an extra $100 that’s a decent deal by itself when you realize that today’s PS4 with 1TB can cost $400-$500 depending on what’s in the bundle.”

Piers Harding-Rolls, head of games research at IHS, agrees with Ward that PS4 Pro sales will be limited to “a minority of PS4 buyers.” IHS has provided a forecast of 1.5 million PS4 Pro units sold worldwide in 2016, and the firm expects the overall PS4 installed base to reach 53.5 million by the end of the year. Interestingly, unlike the other analysts, Harding-Rolls also believes that Xbox One S could have the upper hand. “Microsoft’s cheaper Xbox One S also steals some of Sony’s Pro thunder, with a significant overlap in 4K features between the two consoles,” he said.

Furthermore, as Mike Goodman, Strategy Analytics’ director of digital media strategies, noted, Microsoft still has time to adjust its own strategy with Scorpio. “Microsoft is in an unusual position in that it can sit back and see how the market reacts to Sony and adjust plans accordingly,” he said. It’s also hard to know at this point whether console owners “are willing [to] buy into the cell phone model and purchase a new console every couple of years.”

Ultimately, while it’s exciting for the industry to see new hardware, the PS4 Pro and Scorpio are only targeting a sliver of the consumer market. According to Strategy Analytics, the global installed base of 4k UHD TV sets will be 83.8 million at the end of this year, and perhaps more importantly, the global installed base of HDR compatible televisions will be between 3 and 3.5 million.

NX cant repeat the failures of wii u

Humility is not a trait one often associates with Reggie Fils-Aime, the bombastic and theatrical president of Nintendo of America, but it was on display – to some degree, at least – in his recently published interview with [a]listdaily. Reflecting on what the failure of the Wii U has shown the company it must do to succeed with NX, Fils-Aime highlighted two key problems, namely the failure to communicate what the console was, and the failure to deliver a steady stream of high-quality software. These, he said, are the things Nintendo needs to do better next time; the dash of humility coming when he acknowledged that these aren’t complex insights, but “traditional lessons within the industry”.

Traditional lessons; in other words, lessons that a company that’s been selling games and consoles for the best part of 40 years should not only know, but should have utterly assimilated and integrated deeply into its DNA. Effectively communicating what your platform is and what it does is one of the most crucial skills for a platform holder, while giving consumers major titles to look forward to on a regular basis is not just an essential component of a platform holder’s business, it is literally a description of pretty much their entire business.

Yet there’s no doubt that Fils-Aime is right in his diagnosis of the Wii U’s failure; these things are precisely what Nintendo got wrong. It’s laudable and positive that he acknowledges these failures so openly, rather than making hand-waving excuses about difficult market conditions or similar; acknowledging your failures means you’re on the path to fixing them.

At the same time, it remains genuinely astonishing that Nintendo could have failed so badly at such fundamental, intrinsic parts of the business. It feels like a kind of madness possessed much of the company in the wake of the success of the Wii and the DS; caught in some lunatic trance, Nintendo managed to mess up the market communication and software scheduling of not one but two console launches. 3DS recovered from its desperately flawed and miscommunicated launch after a bold, if embarrassing, about-face only a few months post-launch. Wii U repeated almost exactly the same mistakes and never picked itself up after falling at the first hurdle.

Digging into the substance of those errors is revealing. In terms of communication, both the Wii U and the 3DS failed completely to explain themselves to consumers at the outset. The problems started with their names; the transitions from DS to 3DS and from Wii to Wii U looked to a great many consumers like a mid-cycle refresh of the hardware, not a console launch. The hardware looked the same, the names sounded the same, and the actual advantages of the new consoles were never effectively conveyed. The failure to talk up and explain the new features of the consoles was compounded by Nintendo’s reticence to ever talk about graphical prowess. While the refusal to engage with Sony and Microsoft’s GPU arms race is probably wise, it seemed to lead Nintendo to baulk at actually conveying to consumers that these new consoles were much more graphically powerful than the old ones. Perhaps it believed that the casual consumers who came on board with the Wii and DS would be turned off by such messaging; it would do well to note that Apple, whose iPhones sell in far larger quantity than any game console, sees no such difficulty in making much of the technical prowess of its new chipsets.

Perhaps the biggest problem that both consoles faced in communication terms, however, was an issue that overlapped with their lack of software. Neither system had a software title in the launch window that really functioned as a demonstration of the advantages and possibilities of the new hardware. The Wii, famously, had Wii Sports; the DS, though slower out of the gate (especially in the USA, where it launched first and with a weaker line-up than other territories), had the combination of WarioWare: Touched, Super Mario 64 DS and a handful of other instantly popular titles like Zoo Keeper, which it followed up after just a few months with Brain Age and Nintendogs. Neither 3DS nor Wii U, despite overall solid software line-ups, had any single title or combination of titles at launch that you could point and and say, “here, this is the software that explains and demonstrates why this platform could be great”. Indeed, one could argue that even years after launch, neither platform has any software that makes a watertight case for either the 3DS’ 3D screen or the Wii U’s Gamepad.

Of the two problems Fils-Aime identifies, the issue of communicating and explaining the console is by far the easier to fix and thus the one which NX is least likely to repeat. Although the device sounds like being something of a departure from the form factors and usage cases which consumers are used to, it’s also a clean break from consoles which came before it – meaning that the company will be properly focused on marketing it as a new device rather than trying to warm up the leftovers of a past success, as it did with 3DS and Wii U. Getting good software for the launch window which appropriately and effectively explains the console’s advantages is more art than science, but assuming that Nintendo’s uniquely talented software developers are on board with the console’s functionality, it’s certainly within their competence to deliver that kind of compelling experience early on. At the very least, we can hope that we’re not treated once more to the unedifying spectacle of Shigeru Miyamoto being trotted out to talk about prototyping fun ideas for the console’s main features long after the console itself has launched, as happened with the Wii U – prompting the obvious question, why weren’t you doing that two or three years ago…?

The second of the “traditional lessons” Fils-Aime claims to have taken to heart is going to be a tougher fix. Wii U absolutely suffered from a failure of planning and scheduling in software terms, but also from a simple lack of games. It has some fantastic games and the work of the teams who have been creating Wii U titles has been of generally excellent quality, but the perception that it has been underserved in terms of software is absolutely fair. Wii U has been squeezed on two sides, with an almost complete lack of high quality third party support being compounded by Nintendo’s own focus often seeming to be on the better-performing 3DS, not to mention on new projects like amiibo toys and mobile games.

How can NX fix this problem? There is a limit to Nintendo’s bandwidth as a game developer; if it wants to retain its quality (which is vital, since the strength of its IP is the company’s primary value) then it cannot expand the number of titles in simultaneous development indefinitely. Working with trusted third parties to deliver games like the Wii U’s Bayonetta 2 and Xenoblade Chronicles X (arguably the best of the third-party efforts on the console) is a promising approach that could definitely be upscaled to some degree. Tougher, perhaps, is the question of actually getting third party publishers on board; Nintendo consoles are hostile environments for multi-platform games, and risky gambles for third-party console exclusives. Short of a major expansion of its own third-party publishing efforts that delivers more Nintendo-published games from top studios around the world, it seems eminently likely that NX will run into the same problem.

One interesting possibility comes to mind, though; given the NX’s supposed straddling of handheld and home console roles, might Nintendo intend ultimately to focus all of its development efforts on this single device? The splitting of the company’s limited development resources across two consoles – handheld and home device – has arguably done it no favours in recent years. If we have truly reached the point where a single device can provide both a compelling handheld gaming experience and a good home console experience, it would make a lot of sense to aim for the rationalisation of game development along those lines. Individually, the 3DS and Wii U’s lineups have left something to be desired (though the 3DS has definitely fared better); the combined efforts of the teams working on both platforms, though, could deliver a pretty formidable line-up of first-party software. As yet, Nintendo has given no indication that it views NX as the ultimate successor to the still-successful 3DS, and a new dedicated handheld may also be in the works; if not, though, then Nintendo’s future as a company supporting a single device may be the single biggest step it can take towards fixing its software scheduling problems.

Knowing so little about NX, we can only speculate about the details of how Nintendo will go about applying the “traditional lessons” which Fils-Aime claims it has learned – and on a slightly sour note, it’s worth pointing out that it’s not the first time Nintendo has identified these flaws. Nintendo of America senior VP George Harrison said back in 2006 that the importance of good software scheduling was a lesson learned from the disappointing performance of the GameCube. To see the same mistakes repeated only a few years later was disappointing. Perhaps, given the humility of Fils-Aime’s tone now, we can hope that the mistakes of the 3DS and Wii U launches were made in a genuine state of post-Wii delirium which has now passed.